7 Different Types Of Journalistic Writing To Consider For Your Career

Some types of journalistic writing might not be too deep when it comes to research and data collection, but a vast part of journalism involves gathering data on a certain topic and relaying findings and conclusions to a larger audience via print, digital, or broadcast media. Journalists report information through news, features, columns, investigative reports, and reviews.

Longer formats with greater detail and story development are investigative reports and feature articles. Shorter article formats including news, columns, and reviews are meant to cover a certain subject in greater detail but still in a concise manner.

Investigating and reporting on events that have a variety of effects on people’s lives and society is the goal of journalism. Diverse forms of journalism cover a range of societally relevant topics, cater to different audiences, and have differing standards for fact-finding objectivity.

What Is Journalistic Writing?

Journalistic writing is a form of non-fiction writing used to report news and factual events. It can be utilized in newspaper articles, television reports, radio scripts, and news websites.

As you might expect, journalistic writing is the style of writing used by journalists. It is therefore a term for the broad style of writing used by news media outlets to put together stories.

Journalistic writing usually consists of short sentences and paragraphs that quickly reach the point of the article.

What Is The Purpose Of Journalistic Writing?

The aim of every journalistic writing is to attract readers to a website, broadcaster, or print media. This allows the owners to make money, usually by selling advertising space.

Traditionally, newspapers do not make most of their money by selling newspapers. Instead, their main income comes from advertising. If you look back at an early copy of the London Times, for example (from the early 1900s), the whole front page was actually advertisements, not news.

Through journalistic writing, news outlets attract readers and keep them through their well-crafted stories that hook the readers.

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Types of Journalistic Writing To Consider for Your Career

The following are some categories of journalism that you may come across:

1. Political journalism

Political journalism focuses on government, politics, and political candidates. It covers different segments of political activity, such as local, national, or international news. Political journalists often report on the activities of elected officials, political processes, and the results of political work.

It includes reporting political news and conducting investigative and watchdog reporting to ensure that the public has access to information about political activity. Political journalists may also report news in the form of the opinion journalism genre. Political journalism applies to print, digital, and broadcast media.

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2. Investigative Journalism

The goal of the type known as “watchdog journalism” is to protect the public against unethical or ineffective behavior on the part of societal elites like politicians and companies. This journalistic writing style finds and exposes wrongdoing.

Watchdog reporters keep an eye on the actions of powerful individuals and big businesses, reporting on any actions that might have a detrimental effect on society. This kind of journalism makes sure that the powerful members of society are held responsible for their deeds.

Print and broadcast media can both practice watchdog journalism. Examining political campaign funds to make sure candidates follow campaign finance laws is an example of watchdog journalism.

3. Online Reporting

Through online publications including blogs, social media, and digital newspapers, online journalism disseminates factual information. The internet is a great place to find information of any kind, but not all of the sources are reliable.

Online journalists produce and disseminate information in line with traditional journalism standards, which call for the objective reporting of the circumstances surrounding a situation or event.

Reporters can swiftly provide information to readers via Internet media without having to wait for print layout, processing, delivery, or broadcast time slots when using online journalism.

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4. Broadcast Journalism

The public is informed by broadcast journalism via media like radio and television. Broadcast journalism includes news, entertainment, sports, weather, and traffic.

Additionally, watchdog, opinion, and investigative journalism can be found in broadcast media. A report read aloud without a corresponding video, a story narrated with a linked video playing in the background, or a report conducted in the field with live video capture are examples of broadcast journalism.

5. Opinion Journalism

Subjective concepts are used in opinion journalism to report on a topic instead of objective facts. Opinion writers cover stories from their points of view, including prejudices and opinions. Opinion journalism differs from other forms in that the author is free to express their personal opinion.

Knowing the difference between facts and views can be crucial in this type of journalistic writing.

When reading articles from many viewpoints, opinion journalism can help readers comprehend their own beliefs and opinions and provide a more complete image of the world.

Even though some opinion writers might share your beliefs, it’s important to counter such views with opposing ones to comprehend diversity better and to grow in empathy and respect for difference. Political journalists are one type of opinion journalist.

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6. Sports Journalism

Sports news is the main topic of sports journalism. Scores, standings, and rankings for various teams or athletes competing in different athletic events are reported by sports writers. Sports journalism can be found in a variety of genres, including opinion and investigative.

Print and broadcast media are two possible formats. In broadcast and internet journalism, sports commentary is a type of sports journalism.

7.  Entertainment Journalism

This is among the types of journalistic writing that delves into writing about well-known individuals and trends related to the entertainment world. Journalists covering entertainment cover various topics, including events, movies, TV shows, books, and celebrities.

News regarding the entertainment business as well as movie premieres and award shows may be covered by entertainment journalists. This kind of journalism is prevalent in print, digital, and broadcast media and can take many various forms.

What Structure Does Journalistic Writing Follow?

Journalists tend to follow a clear process in writing any article. This allows them to put together a compelling story, with all the necessary elements.

This process is:

1. Gather all necessary information

Getting all the facts you’ll need to write the story is the first stage.

You want to be as informed as possible about every detail. As part of this process, journalists frequently spend time “on-site,” interviewing people to learn about what has happened and how it has affected them.

The best sources to consider are firsthand accounts from those who were present and saw the events. In journalism, secondary sources—those who learned about events from others—are by far the second-best.

2. Verify all your sources

It is crucial to establish the value of your information—that is, whether it is true or not.

A question of individual ‘truth’.

It has become common in internet writing to talk about ‘your truth’, or ‘his truth’.

There is a place for this in journalism. It recognizes that the same events may be experienced and interpreted in different ways by different people.

However, journalists also need to recognize that there are always some objective facts associated with any story. They must take time to separate these objective facts from opinions or perceptions and interpretations of events.

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3. Establish your angle

Next, decide what “angle” or focus your article will have—that is, what makes it noteworthy.

This will change depending on the news outlet and the kind of journalism. Determining the reasons behind people’s interest in your narrative may also require careful consideration.

4. Write a strong opening paragraph

Your opening paragraph tells readers why they should bother to read on.

It needs to summarise the five Ws of the story: who, what, why, when, and where.

5. Consider the headline

It’s not always expected of journalists to write their headlines. Still, it’s helpful to think of possible headlines for a work.

One of the best ways to make sure you are clear about your topic and approach is to be able to summarize the article in a few lines.

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6. Use the ‘inverted pyramid’ structure

Journalists build their tales in a very specific way. They begin with the most crucial information (the paragraph that serves as the introduction), then go into further detail to elaborate. For those who are still interested, additional information is provided in the article’s last section.

As a result, you can determine whether or not to read a news piece by summarizing its essential points in the first paragraph.

Why the Inverted Pyramid?

The inverted pyramid structure actually stems from print journalism.

If typesetters could not fit the whole story into the space available, they would simply cut off the last few sentences until the article fitted.

Journalists therefore started to write in a way that ensured that the important information would not be removed during this process!

7. Edit your work carefully

Editing your own writing before submission is the last step in any type of journalistic writing you are involved in.

Professional editors are typically employed by newsrooms and media publications to review all text before submission. But journalists also must proofread their work before submitting it to ensure that it makes sense.

Make sure your message is as clear as possible and that you have written in plain English by reading your work again. The editors and subeditors won’t have to waste time contacting you to get clarifications thanks to this.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which writing style is best suited for a career in journalism, and why?

Most media outlets base their basic news and media writing on the AP style, which is the style developed and updated by the Associated Press. Consistency in writing across media platforms and publications is ensured by using the AP style.

Which is the best writing style?

Storytelling. When a writer employs a narrative approach, they are attempting to create and convey a story—complete with characters, conflict, and settings—rather than only conveying facts.

Which kind of writing is the hardest?

Because the truth has to be presented creatively, a literary narrative written in the first person is the most challenging genre in the nonfiction category.


Journalists have a social responsibility to serve their communities by providing unbiased information in an open, fair, and impartial manner. Any type of Journalistic writing should rely on both facts and evidence. A journalist writes an editorial if they wish to express their support or disapproval of a certain topic or event. 

Maintaining sound ethical adherence to the laws of the profession is very important. Journalism remains one of the oldest forms of profession in the world with a relevance that will stick for a long time.